After a longish break another six-pack of letters is coming up. The 0.1 is here because for a while we are going to move forward in shorter installments (less examples, for example). On the other hand – your work gets harder as the letters will look less familiar.
Ladies and gentlemen, I give you:
Бб, Гг, Дд, Зз, Ии, Лл (here arranged alphabetically)
Бб is easy but dangerous. The easiness is in that it is pronounced /b/ as you’d perhaps expect from its shape. The danger lies in that it’s not that difficult to confuse б /b/ with в /w/ which we met earlier.
буба /buba/ means “father”
абур /abur/ means “those” or “they”
хабар /xabar/ – news, information
Ии is the only vowel for today, an /i/ (maybe a bit closer to ‘ee’ in ‘feet’ than ‘i’ in ‘fit’).
иви /iwi/ – blood
иеси /iyesi/ – host, owner, proprietor
им – this, this one
ибур – these, these ones
ина – here
ви – your (sg.)
-ни /-ni/ – question particle for yes/no questions; attached to the end of word you ask about, you can think of it as “is-it?/does-it?”; in pronunciation it often shortens to /n/ sound, or, even further, to nasalisation of the preceding vowel.
A question for transcription and translation, just to make sure everything is clear by now:
Ви буба ина авани?
A bonus challenge: do you know how to answer affirmatively?
Дд stands for /d/. Try connecting it in mind with the Greek delta.
диде – mother
дах – ‘daddy’, or ‘elder brother’
дуст – friend
мад – yet, another one, next one
Гг has an even more transparent Greek connection. It’s a gamma, hence a /g/.
гада – boy
гун – to give; giving
гана – gave (past tense form)
вугун /wugun/ – to give (for a given time or purpose)
гур – grave
Зз looks a bit like a 3, but is pronounced /z/
зун – I, me
за – I (subject in transitive sentences)
заз – to me (dative)
зи – my
зурба – very big, great
гузва – gives, is giving (also for other persons)
гуда – will give
And now comes the trick. What can you make of the following sentences (apart from that they’re silly) in terms of Lezgi grammar? Any observations?
Зи буба ви бубадиз атана.
Ви бубади зи бубадиз хабар гана.
Зи бубади заз хабар гузва.
За зи дустуниз хабар гуда.
Зи дустуни ваз хабар гуда.
Ва ви дахаз хабар гуда.
Лл listed last, sounds like /l/.
It lets us to introduce a very productive suffix:
-вал /-wal/ creates abstract nouns
стхавал – brotherhood
дидевал – motherhood
садвал – unity (one-ness)
That would be all for today, as always I wait impatiently for your feedback, but right now we can proudly go from the Л to the Е to the З to the Г to the И.
ЛЕЗГИ! Yes, you should now be able to spell and read the name of the language and nation.